Birendra Bir Bikram Shah
He was born on 28 December 1945. He was the eldest son of King Mahendra and Queen Indra Rajya Laxmi Shah. He was the 11th King of Nepal. And regime for (1972-2001) 29years. He is the most internationally well-known king in modern history. He reigned until his death in the Nepalese Royal Massacre in 2001.
He married Aishwarya Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah from Rana Family on February 23, 1970. And she gave birth to three children. They are Prince Dipendra, Princess Shruti, and Prince Nirajan. Nepalese people lost the diamond of the country on that day. The whole family of King Birendra was killed.
Table of Content
- About King Birendra
- Development works
1. About King Birendra
King Birendra was born in Narayanhiti Royal Palace Kathmandu. He was the eldest son of Crown prince(late King) Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his first wife Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi Shah Dev.
He acceded to the throne after the death of his father King Mahendra on January 31st, 1972. He was crowned on February 24, 1972. He regimes like his father in autocratic tradition. At that time King Birendra was well known in other countries in the world. At that time, for many Nepalese, he was the incarnation of Vishnu. He was a beloved king for the Nepalese.
He was the first family member of the Royal Family who went abroad for his better studies. He has studied for eight years of his schooling at St. Joseph school of Darjeeling, India. And came back to Nepal after the death of his Grandfather Tribhuwan. Because his father became the next King of Nepal after the death of King Tribhuwan. For some time he lived in Nepal. In 1959, he went to Eton College of England for his further study.
After studying at Eton College, he came back to Nepal and explore the country by traveling by the foot of every nook and corner of the remote area of Nepal. He lived as the villagers there for some time. And went to Tokyo University to the compilation of his further study there. After that, he went to Harvard University to study the theory of politics and economic theory from 1967 to 1968. He studied this subject to make a change in the political and economical conditions of developing countries like Nepal.
According to his friends and family, he was very humble and kind from a young age. He was described by his Eston teacher as king King. And he has never behaved like a prince in the entire period of his college life. His Eston college classmate said that Birendra was very nice.
At the time of his throne, he allowed 2063 Janamat Sangraha by a direct vote by the electorate on a particular proposal. This movement was considered toward democracy. That movement was rigid according to the historian.
After the 1990’s Peoples Movement, many peoples have sacrificed their lives, the result was getting a successful democratic monarchy for the Nepalese.
This shows the great personality with simple nature of King Birendra.
4. Development Works
In this tenure, he has done lots of development work for the country. He changed the whole political condition of the country. He has great contribution to the creation and promotion of the Asian Association for Co-operation. He worked hard to uplift the economic condition of the country. He promulgated a New constitution to transfer Nepal into a constitutional Monarchy. He did so many works for the well of the Nepalese people. That’s why also he is in the heart of every Nepalese people.
After looking for a country for 29 years, he and his whole family died at the Nepalese Royal Massacre in 2001. Nine members of the Royal Family were killed in a mass shooting during a party of the Royal Family. He left us but his work for the country remains forever. In writing his Biography, we also get a chance to feel the grace of his supreme legacy. We always remember him as a powerful leader of the country.