Climbing Mountain is itself the most challenging for climbers. It is necessary to be fit and fine physically to go mountain climbing. Those who love thrilling adventures, go for it. There are 14 peaks in the world that are above 8000 meters 2624 ft above sea level. They are also known as the eight-thousander mountains of the world. These mountains lie in the Himalayan range across Nepal China and Pakistan.
Climbing all 14 peaks of the world is the dream of many climbers. But it is more challenging for them. It is complex and dangerous for the life of climbers. According to the database history of 2021, only 41 mountaineers have achieved this challenge. And many climbers have lost their lives in this challenge.
Today in this content we have shared 14 peaks of the world. They are listed below:
Table of content
- Mt.Everest (8848 m)
- K2 (8611 m)
- Kanchenjunga (8586 m)
- Lhotse (8516 m)
- Makalu (8463 m)
- Cho Oyu (8201 m)
- Dhaulagiri (8167 m)
- Manaslu (8163 m)
- Nanga Parbat (8125 m)
- Annapurna I (8091 m)
- Gasherbrum (8068 m)
- Broad Peak (8047 m)
- Gasherbrum II (8035 m)
- Shishapangma (8012 m)
Thus, Nepal is a country that is most famous for trekking, hiking, and mountain climbing. Because natural resources like mountains fully cover Nepal. So it lies in the world’s second-richest country in natural resources. Here you can see more than 8 peaks whose height is started from 8000meter. Nepal is also known as the kingdom of the Himalayas where you can see the 8 highest mountain peaks in the world lie.
Mount Everest is the world’s highest mountain above sea level. It is located in the Mahalangur Himal. The current height of Mt. Everest is 8848.86 Meters. It is the sovereign of the country Nepal. Nepal became known and popular all over the world due to Mt. Everest. It lies between China and Nepal but the highest part of Mount Everest lies in Nepal. So the World’s highest mountain lies in-country Nepal. It represents the country Nepal all over the world.
The name of Mount Everest in China is Chomolungma, which means “Mother Goddess of the World”. And the Nepali name is Sagarmatha.
In 1865 the name of Mount Everest was Peak XV and was renamed for Sir George Everest. Sir George Everest was the British surveyor-general of India from 1830 to 1843.
The first footprint was left by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953 on Mount Everest. Sir Edmund Hillary passed away in mid of the way but Tenzing Norgay reached the 29,035-foot peak of Everest on 29th May 1953. And become the first people to stand atop the world’s highest mountain.
K2 is the second-highest mountain in the world. It has 8611m/2825ft above sea level. The summit was successfully climbed by Lino Lacedelli and Achille Compagnoni on an Italian expedition for the first time in 1954.
It lies in the northwestern Karakoram Range in Kashmir, Pakistan. It is also known as Savage mountain. The name K2 is derived from the Great Trigonometrical Survey of British India. Because it looks like a triangle.
Kanchanjunga is the world’s third-highest mountain. The other name of Kanchanjunga is Kanchenjunga. It is located in the Asia country Nepal. The current height of Kanchanjunga is 28169 Meters and 8586Ft.
It is the sovereign of the country Nepal. It is situated in the eastern Himalayas on the border between Nepal and India. The northern part of Kanchanjunga is in Sikkim India and the eastern part in Nepal, 46 miles (74km) northwest of Darjeeling Sikkim. And the actual location of Kanchanjunga is the country Nepal. There are 120 glaciers in the Kanchanjunga Himal.
Kanchanjunga Himal was regarded as the earth’s highest mountain until the year 1852. It was climbed by Joe Brown and George Band on 25th May 1995. They became part of the 1955 British Kanchanjunga expedition.
According to history, the first known map of Kanchanjunga was made by Rinzin Namgyal. He was one of the explorers of the mid 19th century who sketch the map of Kanchanjunga.
The fourth-highest mountain in the world is Lhotse. The current height of Lhotse is 8516m/27940ft from sea level. The name Lhotse is derived from the Tibetan word. The summit was successfully climbed by Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss for the first time in 1956.
The base camp of Lhotse and Mt Everest is the same. It follows the same path as Everest to reach the top of Lhotse. Climbers start their route from Kathmandu to Lukla Airport. And from there the trek for the Lhotse starts.
Mountain Manaslu lies in the west-central part of Nepal. It is the world’s Eight-highest mountain. It is also listed among the 14 peaks of the world which have more than 8000 meters in height. The name Manaslu comes from the Sanskrit word “Manasa” which means “Soul”. The current height of Manaslu Mountain is 8163 Meters above sea level. It lies in the Thoche, Dharapani, and Samagaun Village Development Committee of Manang and Gorkha districts in the Western Development Region of Nepal.
Manaslu was first summited on May 9, 1956, by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition. That’s the reason the Manaslu is known as “Japanese Mountain”. Mountain Manaslu is the highest mountain in the Gorkha district.
6. Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu is the sixth highest mountain on the earth. The exact meaning of Cho Oyu is “Turquoise” Goddess in Tibetan. The original height is 26864ft/8188m above sea level. It lies in the western major peak of Khumbu which is a subsection of Mahalangur Himalayan 20 km west of Mt.Everest. Cho Oyu lies between Nepal and China border
This summit was successfully climbed by Sir Edmund Percival Hillary and his group in 1952.
Dhaulagiri is the world’s Seventh-highest mountain. It is also listed among the 14 peaks of the world which have more than 8000 meters in height. It is located in the Asia country Nepal. The current height of Dhaulagiri Mountain is 8167 Meters, 26795 ft above sea level. It is the sovereign of the country Nepal. It is situated on the Himalayan border with Tibet and Nepal. This mountain is extended 120km (70mi) from the Kaligandagi River west to the Bheri. It is also the highest peak within the borders of a single country Nepal.
Dhaulagiri was first climbed on 13 May 1960 by a Swiss/Austrian/Nepali journey.
It is the world’s Fifth-highest mountain. It is also listed among the 14 peaks of the world which have more than 8000 meters in height. It is located in the Asia country Nepal. The current height of Makalu Mountain is 8481 Meters, 27838 ft above sea level. It is situated on the border between Nepal and China. It has two subsidiary peaks i.e. Makalu I and Makalu II. It is the sovereign of the country Nepal. It lies in the Solukhumbu and Sankhuwashava districts of Nepal. Makalu is an isolated peak that has a four-sided pyramid.
It is also the fifth highest peak within the borders of a single country Nepal. Makalu was first attempted in 1954 by the American team which was led by Riley Keegan. And the French team that did the first ascent in 1955 climbed the north and northern ridge.
In this region, Rai, Gurung, and Sherpa are the main inhabitants. This region is fully covered by the cultures and religions of Rai, Gurung, and Sherpa.
9. Nanga Parbat
This mountain is the ninth highest mountain on the earth. The name Nanga Parbat is derived from the Sanskrit word and it means Naked Mountain. This mountain is also known as Diamer Deo Mir which is derived from the Tibetan language. The exact height of this mountain is 8126m/26660ft above sea level.
It was successfully submitted by Rakhiot Flank (East Ridge), on July 3, 1953, by Austrian climber Hermann Buhl. This mountain is more difficult to climb due to its difficult structure.
10. Annapurna I
The name Annapurna comes from the name of the Hindu goddess of food and nourishment. This name is derived from the Sanskrit word Anna means “Food” and purna means “filled”. Annapurna Mountain is the tenth tallest mountain in the world. It is ranked as one of the most dangerous mountains in the world.
Annapurna Mountain(Himal) is located in the north-central part of the country Nepal. The highest peak of the massif, Annapurna I is the main which is 8,091meters(26545 ft) above sea level. This himal became the tenth tallest mountain in the world because of the height of the Annapurna I. It forms a 48km long distance between the Kali Gandaki River from the west and Marsyangdi River from the east of Pokhara. The Annapurna massif contains four peaks, which are
- Annapurna I (26,545 ft)(8,091 Meters)
- Annapurna II (26,040 ft)(7,937 Meters)
- Annapurna III (24,786 ft)(7,555 Meters)
- Annapurna IV (24,688 ft)(7,525 Meters)
Above mentioned peaks lie between them. Annapurna I is named the world’s highest peak. In 1950, a citizen of French Mr. Maurice Herzog climbed the first 8000 Meter peak ever successfully. In 1977 A.D. the route of Annapurna Circuit Trek was opened for Foreigners.
Gasherbrum is the eleventh highest mountain in the world. It is also known as the remote group of mountains situated in the northeastern part of the Baltror Glacier in the Karakoram mountain range. Karakoram mountain range is broader in China, India, and Pakistan.
The actual height of this mountain is 8068m above sea level. This summit is also known as Shining Walls. According to the climbers, Mountain Gasherbrum is difficult to climb because it is a technically challenging mountain to climb. The Gasherbrum mountain contains nine peaks, which are
- Gasherbrum I(8068m)
- Broad Peak(8047m)
- Gasherbrum II(8035m)
- Gasherbrum III(8035m)
- Gasherbrum IV(7952m)
- Gasherbrum V(7925m)
- Gasherbrum VI(7147m)
- Gasherbrum VII(7001m)
- Gasherbrum Twins(6755m)
12. Broad Peak
The broad peak is included in the group of Gasherbrum Mountain. It is the twelve highest mountain on earth. The present height of this peak is 8047meter above sea level. It lies between the border of Pakistan and China. It is difficult to reach the top of this peak. It is challenging for the climber. The summit was successfully climbed by an Austrian expedition in 1957.
13. Gasherbrum II
It is also the part of mountain Gasherbrum. The actual height of this mountain is 8035 meters above sea level. It is the least difficult to climb than other peaks of Gasherbrum Mountain. This summit has extreme high altitude mountaineering combined with the best trek. It is easier for climbers to trek this mountain.
This peak is listed among the fourteen highest mountains in the world. The height of this peak is 8,027 meters (26,335 ft) above sea level. The entire face of this mountain lies in the south of Tibet China. It is difficult to get permission to climb this summit because the whole authority is taken by the Government of China.
The summit was successfully climbed by a Chinese expedition on 2 May 1964.